A short story about the history of Amsterdam,
in the Netherlands
The city of Amsterdam in Netherlands has always been a
well-known name in the world history. It is well-known throughout the world as the greatest planned city of the
northern Europe, and is highly acclaimed for its rich heritage. It was
considered as the center of world economy in the 17th century, and now the city of Amsterdam is
acclaimed for its tolerant character.
The Early Days of Amsterdam
The greatest planned city of Amsterdam, Netherlands was first founded
as a fishing village around the thirteenth century. It developed round a dam ion the Amstel river at the end of the
12th century, and the
name Amstelledamme occurs for the first time in October 27, 1275 when the toll concession of Floris V. Count of
Holland happened. During the 14th century throughout the 15th, Amsterdam, Netherlands experienced a rapid
development, which later on laid the foundation for the city’s Golden Age.
It was noted that only very few medieval buildings in the city
survive today. The houses were then built of wood, a vulnerable type of construction material. The world famous
Houten Huis is no exception to this rule. However, most of them were destroyed, but a surprisingly large number of
Amsterdam dwellings still have timber frames.
Amsterdam's Golden Age
The Golden Age of Amsterdam, Netherlands starts from the period 1585
and ends in 1672. This period was said to be the hey-day of the city’s commercial success. During this time, the
Amsterdam, Netherlands was the staple market of the world and it is also during this period that the characteristic
Amsterdam cityscape was developed. It is just worth noting that in 1613 and 1663, urban expansions are what set the
city’s characteristic appearance. It is also during this time that a number of today’s historic buildings were
built, like the town hall in the Dam Square, which is known as the Royal Palace at present.
The Age of Gold and Silver
1672 in Amsterdam, Netherlands was a year of disaster for the Dutch
Republic as the French and English were attacking simultaneously during this time. The Golden Age of the city had
come to end; however Amsterdam, Netherlands was still able to manage the consolidation of its prosperity during the
period 1672 to 1795 despite of the predicament that the Republic found itself in.
At that time, the city remained as the major staple market and
managed to retain its position as the financial center of Europe. Also, a large number of dwellings were built at
this period, both simple and rich canal houses reflect the city’s prosperity.
Amsterdam’s Recession and Decline
In 1795 the government of the patrician oligarchies was overthrown
from power and the old Republic ceased to exist. Soon, the French were to occupy the country. It was during the
period 1795 to 1813 that Amsterdam, Netherlands has suffered badly from the economic recession, which is a state of
affairs reflected by the stagnation of the demographic development. A number of houses were vacant at this time,
and some even collapsed for lack of maintenance. However, some facades and interiors dating back to the Empire
period of Amsterdam, Netherlands still survive up to these days.
From 1813 to 1940 in the history of Amsterdam, Netherlands marked the
period of economic recovery and it was from 1870 onwards that the expansion began. A rapid population growth
started to happen and from here an increasing wealth was accumulated. As many have noted, this development was
primarily the result of the Industrial Revolution which triggered off a New Golden Age.